The Institute offers comprehensive and advanced medical and surgical management of all vitreoretinal diseases with cutting edge technology. Retinal diseases like diabetic retinopathy, age related macular degeneration, vascular occlusions, malignancies, pediatric retinal diseases like retinopathy of prematurity are handled by our experts. In addition, “The Mobile Diabetic retinopathy project- Nayana” and “The Retinopathy of prematurity(ROP) Telescreening project” are our community outreach projects handled by our trained team of vitreoretinal surgeons. The department handles referrals and perform complex vitreoretinal retinal surgeries, trauma cases, intravitreal injections, lensectomies and scleral fixation of Intraocular lens.
The clinical services, clinical research, education and community services are provided by the vitreo retina services that helps the patient get appropriate, timely and personalized retinal as well as medical management services.
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness. It occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. A healthy retina is necessary for good vision. If you have diabetic retinopathy, at first you may notice no changes to your vision. But over time, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and cause vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.
Age related macular degeneration
In macular degeneration, the light-sensing cells of the macula malfunction and may over time cease to work. Macular degeneration occurs most often in people over 60 years old, in which case it is called Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD). Much less common are several hereditary forms of macular degeneration, which usually affect children or teen-agers. Collectively, they are called Juvenile Macular Degeneration. They include Best's Disease, Stargardt's Disease, Sorsby's Disease and some others.
Flashes and floaters
Light flashes are sometimes caused by mechanical stimulation of the retina, often referred to as "pulling", "forces", or "traction".A variety of conditions can cause it, including: posterior vitreous separation,retinal tears (breaks), and scarring on the surface of the retina.Some macular disease patients experience flashes in the central field of vision .
Retinal detachments often develop in eyes with retinas weakened by a hole or tear. This allows fluid to seep underneath, weakening the attachment so that the retina becomes detached. When detached, the retina cannot compose a clear picture from the incoming rays and vision becomes blurred and dim.
Retinal arterial blocks
A retinal artery occlusion occurs when the central retinal artery or one of the arteries that branch off of it becomes blocked. This blockage is typically caused by a tiny embolus (blood clot) in the blood stream, causing permanent vision loss. Retinal artery obstruction is like a stroke in the eye. the damage can be relatively mild or quite severe, depending on the extent to which the blood flow has been disrupted.
Retinal venous blocks
Central retinal venous blocks occur when there is a congestion to blood flow and an increase in backpressure on the central retinal vein. It causes variable degree of visual loss and can be easily diagnosed by a retinal examination. It is commonly seen in hypertensives and diabetics. Some time it can be seen in people with clotting abnormalities also. Retinopathy of Prematurity condition happens when a baby is born prematurely ( less than 36 weeks of gestation).The retina of the baby is screened in association with the NICU and action taken as nescessary.
Our team of doctors